Adjective agreement, masculine & feminine, singular and plural, the verb ser
sábado, 27 de mayo
Review Posts: week of 5/9, 5/16 & 5/22
Queridos estudiantes de español,
What a project we’ve been working these last 3 weeks!
It is a vital part of Spanish and with all of the new descriptive words we’ve been learning, your Spanish is getting more and more detailed and expansive.
If you have never had Spanish before and this has been new to you, remember that you are not expected to memorize it all!
Your job right now is to simply become aware of masculine and feminine and make observations. It can take a while before it becomes natural in our speech, but we have to start somewhere and awareness and observation is the place to begin.
You can also begin by building some great vocabulary by taking 15-30 of the adjectives we’ve learned, copy them into your notebook and work on memorizing them.
Do not worry if you understand it all 100%. It will become clearer as we move forward.
Today we have many examples of what we’ve been working on and we’ll practice it in speech and observation.
1. In Spanish the descriptive adjectives we’ve been learning (characteristics, colors, nationalities) go after the word they describe. (unlike English)
La Casa Blanca – The White House
El transporte público – Public transportation
un día largo – a long day
unas tradiciones peruanas – some Peruvian traditions
2. However, adjectives of quantity such as mucho and poco and otro go before.
mucho trabajo – lots of work
muchas palabras – lots of words
poco tiempo – little time
muy poca gente – very few people
3. There are 3 unique adjectives that can go in front of or behind the word they describe. They can also change spelling when they go in front: bueno and malo and grande*.
Es un restaurante bueno. or Es un buen restaurante. – It’s a good restaurant.
Es un plan malo. or Es un mal plan. – It’s a bad plan.
Es un hotel grande*. – It’s a big hotel.
Es un gran hotel*. – It’s a great/grand hotel.
La cultura española – Spanish culture
Los centros comerciales – commercial centers
Ella es buena cocinera. – She’s a good cook.
Un elemento popular – a popular element
La región andina – The Andean region
La civilización moderna – modern civilization
Los barrios antiguos – The old neighborhoods
Una ciudad universitaria – a college town
Un fin de semana largo – a long weekend
Hay muchas soluciones – There are a lot of solutions
otros idiomas – other languages
otras personas – other people
Action Steps: Using the above examples, in your notebook, underline the noun and the adjective and note how the adjective is matching up with the noun it describes.
We have a very exciting week next week! We have lots of fun and very practical Spanish coming up!
Leave me a comment: Let me know how you liked today’s Post or if you have any questions about your Spanish that I can help you work through.
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Gracias y hasta muy pronto,