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Parte 2 – masculine and feminine

Corporate Spanish Trainer

Spanish Instruction
gender of nouns


miércoles, 17 de mayo de 2017



Yesterday we did the articles in Spanish: definite = the & indefinite = a, an, and some,  and we learned how to make words plural.

Today we will continue the practice and discussion on the gender of nouns.  
a noun is:
a person
a place or
a thing


Since masculine and feminine don’t exist in English, let’s start with people and animals. This is easier to understand.
Natural gender – refers to people, occupations, nationalities and animals


As English speakers, it’s hard for us to think that a radio or a sofa is masculine and a chair or a week is feminine, however, if you have a male dog or a female dog, it makes sense that it is masculine or feminine.

Remember from yesterday…

are masculine and that


are feminine.


It makes sense that words that refer to a male are masculine.

el doctor – the doctor
los hombres – the men
un perro – a dog
unos amigos – some friends
el mesero – the waiter


It makes sense that words that refer to a female are feminine.

la doctora – the doctor
las mujeres– the women
una perra – a dog
unas amigas – some friends
la mesera – the waitress


With many of the above words, the ending changes to an “a” to indicate feminine or a woman, but the words below don’t change endings,
rather the article in front tells you if it is a man or a woman.

el dentista or la dentista
un artista
or una artista
el paciente or la paciente
un estudiante or una estudiante



In Spanish if it is a group of both men and women, use the masculine, plural form.

los amigos de Juana – Juana’s friends
los estudiantes en mi clase – the students in my class
unos banqueros trabajan en un banco – some bankers work in a bank
los residentes en la comunidad – the residents in the community


With animals the same occurs. Change the ending to an “a” to indicate a female and use the masculine plural to talk about animals in general.

un gato – a cat
una gata 
los elefantes
los osos – bears


Some do have their own word:
un gallo – a rooster
una gallina – a hen


Action steps: In your notebook take notes about today’s session.
If this is new for you, just observe and keep your eyes open to this around you.

Leave me a note and let me know how you are doing or if you have any questions.

Gracias y hasta mañana,