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#206 – Irregular verbs in the Present Perfect tense in Spanish

Corporate Spanish Trainer

Irregular Verbs in the Present Perfect tense in Spanish

Part 4

Post 206/365
Es miércoles, 18 de octubre de 2017




Muy buenas tardes.

Gracias por pasar por Spanish Blog 365.



We’ve been working on the Presente Perfecto in Spanish. We’re letting it simmer. We have this whole week to let it really soak in.

Yesterday, in Parte 3, we had a good review and some practice.

Today it’s all about irregular verbs in this tense. Remember we said there are not very many.



Irregular verbs in the Present Perfect tense in Spanish



Grupo 1 – You’ll like these!
This group is considered irregular, however, the only thing irregular about them is that they need a written accent mark.

-er and -ir verbs that have a root/stem that ends in a vowel have a written accent mark on the -ído

leer – leído read

creer – creído

caer – caído

traer – traído

incluir -incluído

construir – construído



Yo he leído el libro 3 veces. – I’ve read that book 3 times.

¿Qué han traído? – What have you guys brought?

Hemos traído una botella de vino y unas galletas. – We’ve brought a bottle of wine and some crackers.




Grupo 2 – You’ll like these, too!
These are really high frequency verbs – just 12 of them.


to open /  abrir – abierto

to write /  escribir – escrito

to do or to make /  hacer – hecho

to say or to tell /  decir – dicho

to put /  poner – puesto

to see /  ver – visto

to die /  morir – muerto

to break /  romper – roto

to fry /  freir – frito

to cover /  cubrir – cubierto

to return /  volver – vuelto

to print /  imprimir – impreso




¿Has visto esa película? – Have you seen that movie?

¿Qué has hecho? – What have you made?

He hecho unas enchiladas y un poco de arroz. – I’ve made some enchiladas y some rice.

Pablo Neruda ha escrito muchos poemas famosos. – Pablo Neruda has written lots of famous poems.




Grupo 3 – You’ll like these, also!
Simply add a prefix to some of the above verbs and you’ve doubled or tripled your vocabulary!
Any verb that has the root of an irregular verb, will follow the same irregularity as the original base verb.



to describe /  describir – descrito

to undo or to unpack /  deshacer – deshecho

to expose /  exponer – expuesto

to compose /  componer – compuesto

to impose /  imponer – impuesto

to discover /  descubrir – descubierto

to return a thing or to give back /  devolver – devuelto

to wrap /  envolver – envuelto

to revolve /  revolver – revuelto



camarones envueltos en tocino – shrimp wrapped in bacon

huevos revueltos – scrambled eggs

Los arqueólogos han descubierto unas ruinas Aztecas en México. – The archaeologists have discovered some Aztec ruins in Mexico.

Mozart ha compuesto muchas sinfonías. – Mozart has composed lots of symphonies.

¿Ya has deshecho las maletas? – Have you unpacked your suitcases yet?




Action steps: There are only about 12 irregular past participles in this verb tense. Learn them well, because they will come up a lot.


The fun continues tomorrow. Leave me a note, I’d love to hear from you!

Gracias y hasta mañana,