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Do you speak Spanish? – Parte 8

Corporate Spanish Trainer

107/365
Martes, 11 de julio de 2017

Hola,

Gracias por pasar por aquí hoy!

 

Today we get back to talking about the present tense and continue to increase our conversational skills.
Below is the list of 40 verbs that we presented back on July 5, and if you are new here or to the present tense, you may like to go back to June 27, Part 1 of this series.
We’ll continue this series all week.

 

 

How to ask questions

In Spanish the present tense translates broadly.

Here we can see that the word Shall get implied.

¿Leo? – Shall I read?
¿Preparo la cena? – Shall I fix dinner?

or

¿Bailamos? – Shall we dance?
¿Hablamos más tarde? – Shall we talk later?

 

or in these examples, notice how the words Do and Does are implied.

¿Esquías?
Do you ski?
Are you skiing?
You ski?

¿Trabaja María?
Does María work?
Is María working?
María works?

We also can see in the examples above that the present tense can translate as to be + an -ing ending

 

 

¿Qué buscas? can translate as…
What are you looking for?
or
What do you look for?

It is pretty clear to get the meaning out of context.
If you are looking for something and your friend says “¿Qué buscas?“, it’s clear that it is: What are you looking for?

 

Also, some verbs lend themselves better to Do / Does, where as others seem to translate better as Are you…?, Is s/he...?

 

 

Do and Does do and does don’t exist in Spanish.

In English we ask a lot of Do you…? and Do they…? questions or Does he or she…? questions.

To do this in Spanish, just let the words Do/Does be implied and start by putting the verb first.
(The subject comes next or gets implied by the verb ending)

¿Hablas (tú) español? – Do you speak Spanish?
¿Habla Ud. español? – Do you speak Spanish?

¿Cocinan bien Uds? – Do you (guys) cook well?
¿Estudian ellos español? – Do they study Spanish?

¿Llega ella mañana? – Does she arrive tomorrow?
¿Trabaja aquí él? – Does he work?

 

Práctica

8 Do you…? questions

1. ¿Vives en Denver? – Do you live in Denver?

2. ¿Lees mucho? – Do you read a lot?

3. ¿Corres todos los días? – Do you run everyday?

4. ¿Comprendes los verbos bien? – Do you understand verbs well?

5. ¿Bebes mucha agua? – Do you drink a lot of water?

6. ¿Usas las redes sociales? – Do you use social networks?

7. ¿Escuchas música latina? – Do you listen to Latin music?

8. ¿Llegas el sábado? – Do you arrive on Saturday?

 

 

8 Does s/he…? questions

9. ¿Vive ella en Nueva York? – Does she live in New York?

10. ¿Escribe bien él? – Does he write well?

11. ¿Come ella muchas frutas? – Does she eat a lot of fruits?

12. ¿Viaja Pablo mucho? – Does Pablo travel a lot?

13. ¿Regresa mañana Adiana? – Does Adiana return/come back tomorrow?

14. ¿Esquía él? – Does he ski?

15. ¿Canta ella con un grupo? – Does she sing with a group?

16. ¿Compra él muchas herramientas? – Does he buy a lot of tools?

 

Action steps:
1. Re-read the examples and questions above to become comfortable with how Do/Does get implied.
2. Go back and answer the questions. Notice how the verb changes (or not) between question and answer.

 

Muchas gracias, leave me a comment. I’d love to hear from you!

Hasta mañana,
Carolina

 

40 great verbs to know!

-ar 

1. bailar – to dance
2. buscar – to look for
3. caminar – to walk
4. cantar – to sing
5. cocinar – to cook
6. comprar – to buy
7. desear – to want
8. escuchar – to listen to
9. estudiar – to study
10. ganar – to win, earn
11. hablar – to talk / speak
12. llegar – to arrive
13. llevar – to carry/wear/take
14. mandar – to send
15. mirar – to look at / to watch
16. nadar – to swim
17. necesitar – to need
18. pagar – to pay
19. preparar – to prepare/fix
20. regresar – to return
21. tocar – to play (a musical instrument, NOT a sport)
22. tomar – to ingest/eat/drink/take
23. trabajar – to work
24. usar – to use
25. viajar – to travel

 

-er


26. aprender
– to learn
27. beber – to drink
28. comer – to eat
29. comprender – to understand
30. correr – to run
31. creer – to believe
32. deber – should, ought to
33. leer – to read
34. vender – to sell


-ir

35. abrir – to open
36. asistir
– to attend (an event)
37. escribir
– to write
38. recibir
– to receive
39. sufrir – to suffer
40. vivir
– to live

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2 Comments

  1. Julie

    Good morning! I loved the Raul Paz song on the Cuba Post – a lot!

    Hasta luego!

    • Carolyn

      I’m so glad you loved it! He’s really great and fun.

      Gracias por pasar por mi Blog, Julie!
      Hasta luego